Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

  • Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.
    • 5.Self-actualization - The top of the pyramid is more about personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others.
    • 4. Esteem Needs - At this point, it becomes increasingly important to gain the respect and appreciation of others. People need to accomplish things and then have their efforts recognized.
    • 3.Social Needs - the need for emotional relationships drives human behavior. E.g., Friendship.
    • 2.Safety Needs - People want control and order in their lives. So, this need for safety and security contributes largely to behaviors at this level—Fin Security, Health, etc.
    • 1.Physiological Needs - Bottom of the pyramid, The basic physiological needs are vital to our survival. E.g., Food, Shelter.

      Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a significant role in motivating behavior.


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